The sacred rivers Ganga and Yamuna have had a special impact on the cultural, political and economic development of Fatehpur. They are also used for irrigation here. While Bhrigu Muni’s ashram Bhitora, King Harshavardhana’s city, Haswa, Bhakta Pravar Mordhwaj’s capital Moraon and Ashwatthama’s city are all proofs of how significant this place has been, Maheshwar temple of Sirhan Buzurg near Amauli, the Sun temple of Mahishasur Mardani and Mahanakhurd of Bahirampur remind us of the rich cultural heritage this place has.
An inscription of King Kahipal of Kannauj from 994 Samvat 1917 AD has been found in Asni village. In the Leh village on the banks of Yamuna, there is a Lord Vishnu idol from Gupta period, which when tapped produces a metal-like sound. In the last year of Shahjahan’s reign in 1659 AD, a terrible war between him and Aurangzeb happened near Khajua and Jehanabad in this district. The remains of that culture are still found around those places.
The major fairs organized in the district are Sheetla Devi’s fair in Hussainganj (held in Chaitra), Mahadev’s fair in Budwaramau in Shivratri, Ramlila fair in Kartik in Kishunpur, Ramlila’s fair in Kwar in Jehanabad, Ashadh and Aghan cattle fair in Shivrajpur, on the banks of the Ganges. Besides, a fair in Kartik is also organized in which people gather to take a holy dip. There is a place called 52 Imli near Khajuha, where around 52 freedom fighters were hanged by the British on a tamarind tree. This development of this place is also being done.